Lewins classic unfreezing, changing and refreezing phases are the processes encapsulated in his force-field model. The unfreezing phase arises when it is obvious that current methods are becoming redundant. This state may be obviated by a crisis or it may occur in the course of explaining threats of opportunities not evident to most people in the organization (Yukl 2010, p. 299). The changing phase arises when new methods are pursued. The refreezing phase occurs when new methods are adopted and set up. In order to successful implement change all phases are necessary as sudden change can be resisted or ignored if others do not know why and understand the need for change (Yukl 2010).